AWS Definition Of Welding

AWS Definition Of Welding - American Welding Society (AWS) was established in 1919.

It is an organization that is not for profit and focused on advancing the science, technology, and applications of welding and joining and cutting techniques like brazing thermal spraying or the process of soldering.

AWS Definition Of Welding

The headquarters are in Miami, Florida and led by a non-profit group composed of officers and directors.

AWS has more than 73,000 members from all over the world and is made up of 22 Districts with 250 Sections, as well as Student Chapters.


To ensure that industrial enterprises made use of this process the president Woodrow Wilson called upon a Harvard professor named Comfort A. Adam.

Adams to serve as chairman of the Welding Committee of the Emergency Fleet Corp.

Welding performed extremely well throughout the war, and its performance was the main factor in the decision of Adams joining the Welding Committee in 1919.

Gather business leaders to work towards joining and integrating the Welding Committee of the Emergency Fleet Corp and the National Welding Council into a new organization, and the purpose of which was to provide solid and reliable information regarding the latest welding technology.

On the 28th of March 1919 it was declared that the American Welding Society was born to fulfill this goal and also had Adams as its first president.

The first year the Society could grow to 217 members.

Then it began to launch The Journal of the American Welding Society that was a technical journal which only ran for one issue, but it was the predecessor for The Welding Journal; secured its premises at The Engineering Societies Building in New York City and established the foundation for the committee system which would later be utilized for the creation of operating procedures as well as guidelines for welding.

In 1920, the beginning regional Section was established at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1922, in 1922 it was reported that the American Welding Society had held its first Annual Meeting.

The attendees were informed of the establishment sections in 8 cities and of the establishment of the Journal of the American Welding Society.

But, the first meeting also addressed the rising financial challenges caused by the recession, and suggested ways to lessen pressure.

The financial reports that were presented at the meeting showed the fiscal year which ended 31st day of March, 1922, of $12,683.74.

Its budget for financial year 1922-1923 was projected as 15 540 dollars.

It was evident that more earnings were needed and the Society was able to expand the members that advertised within the Journal to address the issue.


The American Welding Society's first headquarters was in New York City, inside the Engineering Societies' Building.

For the past 42 years, the Society was able to conduct its business from the building, before moving to it's current headquarters, which was the United Engineering Center, which was located inside New York City.

In 1971 the Society relocated its headquarters, however this time in Miami, Florida.

They American Welding Society held this location for 30 years prior to buying the current location within Doral, Florida only seven miles to the north of the former site.

On August 12, 2012 The American Welding Society moved from their previous home located in Coral Gables to their current location in Doral.

At the official opening ceremony for their new home, AWS President William Rice stated "Our newly renovated five-story structure located in Doral is precisely what we require.

It offers us over three times more office space and meeting space that we had at our previous headquarters, as well as the space needed for our board of directors committees, committees and education activities.

The main entrance features the bronze sculpture by Artist Gregory Johnson and donated to the American Welding Society by President Rice and his wife, Cherry.

Welding Journal

The magazine now known as the Welding Journal first appeared in October of 1919, however it was published under the name of an entirely different corporation.

The magazine was initially known as the Journal of the American Welding Society was its original title and there was just one issue published under the brand name.

In the initial issue American Welding Society President Comfort A. Adams wrote The American Bureau of Welding is the only authority to determine the truth.

In order to make the most of these facts it requires a different type of machine and the organization which does it is known as The American Welding Society.

Its mission isn't to provide the information, but to disseminate the knowledge and help put it into practical use.

For instance, it is the Society as an example that publishes this Journal and will be pushing the issues of welding and that will provide new opportunities to use it in.

The Society holds regularly scheduled meetings that discuss issues that relate to welding, to implement the recommendations by the Bureau and to take on new initiatives.

This division of work, although it has caused some confusion due to the similarity in both names, seems to be a reasonable one and is likely to be effective in its operation in the manner that was evident from the experiences of the former Welding committee.

The costs of running the journal were prohibitive for the Journal and that's why it was not until 1922 that it was revived with its current name, due to the revenues of advertisement.

The Society announced its decision to advertise in its first issue, the brand new Welding Journal.

Advertising is featured in the issue since it was not possible to keep the monthly publication going without a rise in revenues.

The amount of dues paid by members that are paid to the National Organization retains half (the remainder being given the local section) are barely enough to cover the normal costs of running the Society.

Furthermore, many people on the Board of Directors feel that advertising is relevant to members and enhance the quality that The Journal.

With the advent of advertising The Welding Journal is published regularly and serves as a reliable source of information on the latest advancements and issues related to the welding of all types of materials as well as metal fabrication and construction.

It's a benefit to those who belong to the Society and provides information on the most recent developments in technology and new items trends and other happenings.

The journal also contains reports on everything from testing and inspection repairs and maintenance design, training and personal safety as in welding and brazing.

It is an essential read for any welding professional.

Welding Journal has been awarded more than 60 editorial and design awards, including many Charlie Awards from the Florida Magazine Association (FMA), and Tabpi Awards from the Trade Association Business Publications International (TABPI ).

The Society is also launching The Welding Journal with a version in Spanish It is a quarterly, unadvertised publication that features special written pieces composed by Mexican and Latin American professionals.

Its Welding Journal en Espanol has an average circulation of 10,000 printed copies, as well as the equivalent of 40000 copies digitally.

In addition to this publication, it contains The Welding Journal of Portugues which is a publication that is published in Brazil with Brazil Welding Show.

Brazil Welding Show which occurs every two times a year and is held in Sao Paulo, Brazil.


American Welding Society offers a range of certification programs that verify and demonstrate competence and knowledge of certain welding areas, including:

  • Certified Welding Inspector
  • Senior Certified Welding Inspector
  • Certified Welding Educator
  • Certified Radiographic Interpreter
  • Certified Welding Supervisor
  • Certified Welding Sales Representative
  • Certified Welding Engineer
  • Certified Welder
  • Certified Robotic Arc Welding

The Certified Welding Inspector (CWI) program was established in the year 1976.

AWS has certified over 100,000 welding inspectors within the initial year, as along with thousands of professionals across various categories of certification.

Certification is earned through examinations and tests of the methods that go with the test.

For example for instance, the Radiographic Interpretation Certification, for example, has a thorough general-knowledge exam and an exam that is based on specific aspects of The AWS Code Book on Radiographic Quality and Interpretation and also as a practice test that test the capability of the candidate to comprehend radiographic videos.

Most AWS certifications are typically renewed each three-year period.

They must satisfy the renewal requirements every nine years.

Welders have to pass the test in order to be certified with an Accredited Test Facility.

Welders have to send their test results for qualifying to AWS together with their completed AWS Welder Application for the AWS certification.

AWS Welders have to submit the Maintenance of Welder Certification Application to keep their certificates every six months.


Endorsements offer an additional form of certification to be used for inspections that are open to all certified Welding Inspectors of AWS (CWIs) or Senior Certified Welding inspectors (SCWIs) to improve the credibility for an individual.

Exams that can be used as endorsements for CWI/SCWI programs are also available as separate tests for non-CWIs as well as SCWIs who wish to further their knowledge.

Below are the endorsements that AWS offers in 2020

  • D1.1 Structural Steel
  • D1.2 Structural Aluminum
  • D1.5 Welding
  • D15.1 Railroad
  • D17.1 Aerospace
  • API 1104 Pipeline
  • Structural Drawing Reading
  • Structural Bolting Inspection
  • ASME Pressure Piping B31.1 and B31.3
  • ASME Pressure Vessel Section VIII, Div. 1

Accredited Test Facilities

Additionally, the American Welding Society also certifies the Accredited Test Facilities (ATF) which play important role of the Certification program.

It is the ATF program sets minimum standards of testing equipment, employees and equipment capable of obtaining accreditation to assess and evaluate welding professionals.

The program is open to any test facility that is accredited and are part of an independent laboratory or manufacturing facility, educational institution, or any other organization.

American Welding Society ATFs are listed on the official AWS website, and also featured in the AWS Welding Journal magazine.

The ATF program requires that the establishment has a quality control program that is in line with the requirements that are outlined in the AWS Standard QC4-89 to Accreditation for Testing Facilities.

The requirements include that the facility be equipped by an AWS Quality Manual which regulates the procedures that are used to test welding equipment used in the facility in accordance with AWS QC7 which is the Standard that is required to AWS certified Welders.

It must also have an CWI that is in place as well as contracted for the testing to ensure certification of welding technicians.

Welding Society of America American Welding Society provides an explanation of the benefits of this ATF program on their website and writes Entrusting the certification of welders to ATF experts makes good economic sense to contractors as well as fabricators.

Businesses are becoming aware of the limitations of self-qualification and are switching to AWS Accredited Test Facilities to evaluate and validate their welding technicians. ATFs can help them lower costs, boost efficiency, and minimize risk by entrusting their welding certification to experts.

Certified Welding Fabricator

American Welding Society certifications are not only for individuals.

Businesses too can be an accredited AWS certified Welding Fabricator (CWF).

The program can be an AWS Certified Welding Fabricator certification.

American Welding Society describes the program as "designed to recognize those select companies who prove they have the resources, procedures, and personnel to apply a quality management system to the welding fabrication activities".

It is the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) along with the American Welding Society have established an agreement of reciprocity that allows AISC certified fabricators are eligible to be certified as an AWS Certified Welding Fabricator.

The AISC certification criteria are in line to the AWS Welding Manufacturing Certification program's requirements.

AISC Fabricators with current bridge or building structure certification may be eligible for AWS for a cost to receive AWS Certification for Welding Fabricator certification.

AWS Certified Welding Fabricator certificate.


The American Welding Society had approximately 73,000 members across around the globe.

The Society offers four distinct types of membership options:

  • Individual Member
  • Welder Member
  • Corporate Member
  • Student Member

AWS Codes And Specifications

AWS provides codes covering a wide range of welding aspects and joining of materials.

The books that code are numbered with specific numbers and letters to allow easy reference to them.

The majority of welding professionals will employ an exact number/letter combination when referring towards the publication.

Different welding techniques and inspection methods as well as the usage of different metals are explained in various codes.

For example, AWS B1.11 explains how to visually examine welding; AWS B2.1-1-004 describes the process of welding carbon steel that has thickness of 18 to 10 gauges with semiautomatic gas-arc welding.

AWS C2.20/C2.20M provides information on Cathodic Protection Systems based on zinc.

A few codes also provide the specifications used by AWS to validate welding professionals, inspectors welding instructors, welders, and inspectors.

They are accessible in hard copy, and in the past few decades, AWS has begun to provide all codes on the internet.

The most important AWS Code is AWS D1.1 which covers the entire specifications for structural welding.

The code was accepted by ANSI as a National Standard in the United States.


American Welding Society extends its reach to local communities via the participation local chapters as well as students' chapter.

The Society comprises more than 250 sections around the world and AWS describes the Sections as "the very heart and foundation of AWS".

Section members have the opportunity to gather, exchange ideas, and receive answers to questions about welding from Section members with years of experience.

Professional Development Hours can be obtained through attending technical meetings and other planned events which could include educational seminars, visits to the plant, gatherings for social purposes, student events and community-based initiatives.

Standing Committees

The American Welding Society also has many standing committees and partner organizations that assist in the advancement and promotion of diverse aspects within the welding field.

They include:

  • BSMC - Brazing & Soldering Manufacturers Committee
  • ITSA - International Thermal Spray Association
  • RWMA - Resistance Welding Manufacturing Alliance
  • WEMCO - An Association of Welding Manufacturers

The roots of the American Welding Society stretch back to World War I, when the rapid demand for production of military equipment led to the need to standardize the process of manufacturing.

The rapidly changing process for joining metals, known as welding was essential to aid in the fight against war.

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