Skills Required To Be A Welder


Skills Required To Be A Welder - Its history can be traced to over 2000 years ago.

Although the art of joining metals with other materials was once the sole responsibility of blacksmiths but the process has developed into a multimillion dollar industry that impacts almost every occupation of today.

Welding doesn't only concern repair and construction.

Skills Required To Be A Welder

It's also about design enhancement, fabrication and more than just some creativity.

The process of becoming a welder may be lengthy demanding expensive but ultimately rewarding.

If you're looking to join the field of expert metalworking, this article will provide everything you must learn about becoming welders, from the educational requirements to everyday expectations.

What Do Welders Do?

To fully comprehend what a welding does, it is helpful to understand what we refer to as "welder." Technically anyone who makes use of welding equipment to make or join parts is a welder especially when they are constantly practicing welding techniques.

But, in this tutorial on becoming welders, we'll discussing skilled professional welders tradesmen that are certified professionally.

They are skilled in the art of joining materials with a variety techniques and methods.

Welders employ high-heat equipment to join two materials.

Their responsibilities may also involve brazing, cutting, or soldering.

In a way, these three tasks are actually part of different categories of work: brazers, solderes and cutters, but they're often grouped with "welders" that has become a catch-all word.

Although they share a lot in common but it is important to understand the distinction between these jobs.

Although cutting is pretty easy to explain but welding, brazing and soldering may be more complicated.

In welding, high temperatures is employed to melt the surface of the material and then join it with an appropriate material.

In order to braze, the filler alloy is heated to join materials and allow different materials to join.

Soldering has a similar structure to brazing however, filler materials with lower melting temperatures can be utilized usually gold, silver or copper.

Many people associate these jobs with metal, however welding can simply involve the melting of non metallic substances like polymer and plastic.

The welding field you choose will depend on the profession you select the equipment and welding materials will differ.

But, some basic welding items are typically required.

Types Of Welding

The welding industry encompasses various kinds of welding techniques that mix materials in various ways.

Here's a quick summary of three of the most widely employed welding methods:

Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) also known as stick welding, makes use of electrode "sticks" or rods fed through the welding gun.

Skills Required To Be A Welder

Electricity is utilized to create an arc of metal between electrodes, which helps join them with the melted electrode used as filler.

Inert gas is utilized to protect the pool of welds from contaminates.

It's an inexpensive and durable option that is commonly used in construction areas where welds don't appear (stick welds are usually regarded as "ugly").

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW),sometimes known as MIG (metal inert gas) welding, works in the same way as stick welding however, sticks are replaced with an electrode that remains continuous.

MIG welding is cleaner than stick welding, and is widely used in the manufacturing and automotive industries.

Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW),or TIG (tungsten inert gas) welding, replaces consumable electrode rod or wire that is used for stick and MIG welding by using non-consumable tungsten.

This means that there is the absence of filler materials.

The heat generated by the arc melts the steel surface, creating the weld puddle.

The TIG welding process is by far the least efficient alternative, however it's also the most appealing.

It is typically used in the case of the use of thin, delicate metals where looks matter.

Welder Industries And Duties

Welders who are looking to advance their careers are likely to find numerous opportunities and steady growth in their careers.

It is estimated that the US Department of Labor estimates that the job market in this field will increase by 3% in the next 10 years, which is comparable to the increase over the past decade.

Some industries cannot survive without welding.

Skills Required To Be A Welder

The amount of new equipment and structures that are built and maintained in these sectors guarantees that there won't be any shortage of welding jobs any time soon.

What are these fields and the types of jobs they offer?

Let's look at some examples:

  • Sheet Metal Welder
Sheet metal workers create repairs, install and sheet metal items.

They typically work within industry sectors like the HVAC or roofing industries making or installing items such as air ducts.

  • Underwater Welder
One of the profession's most dangerous and highest paid subsets, underwater welders repair structures underwater, such as oil platform support beams or pipes.

The skills of deep-sea divers are important in this field.

  • Industrial Maintenance
This class is responsible for the industrial equipment and machinery.

One of their main responsibilities is to perform timely repairs to equipment.

  • Shutdown Welder
There are occasions when hazardous equipment must be shut down prior to maintenance can take place.

This is the reason shut-down maintenance is designed for.

When the equipment that poses danger is off, welding technicians check the equipment and carry out any repairs that are required.

  • Pipefitter
Of the confused with plumbers pipefitters concentrate on shaping pipes and fittings.

They are often to make custom-made applications.

  • Wholesale Trade
It is the one non-welding work that still requires the services of a welder.

With the help of these experts, companies sell their products to customers that are involved in welding industry.

Wholesale trade welding professionals are usually skilled and could be close to retirement.

It is suggested that you pursue formal degree and vocational training.

But, the program that is most suitable for your needs will be contingent on the kind of welding you'd like to do.

The two most commonly used certifications are offered by both the American Welding Society (AWS) and the American Petroleum Institute (API).

No matter what your preferred profession, courses such as drafting or physics, are useful in helping you to understand the specifics of welding.

Certain apprenticeships and training programs require specific educational prerequisites.

The high school diploma, also known as GED is the most commonly used prerequisite for enrolment in a welding education course.

High school education is advantageous, especially when it comes to the development of skills like algebra and geometry.

These are essential to understand how the materials interact in the welding process.

It is also beneficial to get some hands-on welding experience that is the subject of a course that many high schools offer.

Certain certifications might require a two-year associate's diploma that is focused specifically on the field of welding.

These courses are designed to equip the necessary skills and knowledge to pass welding certification tests.

For certifications which do not require any prerequisites, the training and education you receive are valuable for passing the exams, as well as in your professional career afterwards.

The process of obtaining a welding certificate can be anywhere from a few weeks up to years to attain.

As stated, there are two major certification programs however one of them is designed for experienced welders in the Petrochemical industry.

If you're new in welding, you'll probably be seeking American Welding Society certification.

American Welding Society (AWS): AWS offers numerous welding certifications.

The entry-level test will be the certified welding certification that focuses of structural steel pipelines for petroleum sheets, sheet metal or chemical refinery welding techniques.

There is no prerequisite to pass the exam, and it must be completed in a recognized testing facility.

American Petroleum Institute (API) API 577: The API 577 Welding Inspection and Metallurgy certification test isn't really a entry-level certification.

It's a combination of experience and education and certification from various API programs.

For example, if you don't have formal education then you'll require five years of experience working in the petrochemical sector.

If you hold two-year certificates or degrees in technology or engineering then you'll only require two years of work experience.

Internships And Training

If you're looking to kickstart your career in welding, completing an apprenticeship is an excellent method to get started.

The majority of welding companies offer apprenticeships in the form of on the job training in order to meet a need of workers.

In this arrangement, you will be able to work under experienced professionals, while receiving financial compensation.

How ever, prior to being able to be considered for the opportunity to work as an apprentice, you might have to satisfy a number of requirements.

Based on the policy of your company it could be as easy as obtaining an driver's license or an official graduation certificate from a high school (or GED).

If the regulations are more strict You may be required to complete hours of welding training in a certified company.

If you're confident that you're qualified If you're satisfied, you may be eligible to apply for an apprenticeship in locations like:

  • Vocational School: Vocational colleges such as Mc Fatter Tech in Florida as well as community colleges are a great location to search for apprenticeships funded by government or private programs.
  • Government Websites: Particularly in regions where welders are highly sought-after local companies, or government agencies may provide apprenticeships or training programs. The local job bank will likely assist you in finding and apply for these jobs. It is also possible to apply online. United States Department of Labor website also offers an apprentice finder that can help you find the right job.
  • Local Unions for Welding: If there's any welding unions within your area, then their apprenticeships typically pay more than those offered by non-unions. The majority of unions post application information on their website, along with the requirements for enrollment.

When you begin an apprenticeship, be prepared to be doing lots of work during the first one or two years.

The timeframe for apprenticeships differs significantly.

In general 3 to 4 years of work based training and an average of 144 hours of education in the classroom is an acceptable estimation of the time it takes for a person to move from being a beginner to an accredited professional.

Skills Required To Be A Welder

To become a professional welder, you need more than the right equipment and training.

It requires specific capabilities and characteristics to be a competent welder.

The right set of skills will differ depending on the job, most welders require:

  • Manual Dexterity
Achieving excellent hand-eye coordination and a decent manual control are a requirement for physical tasks.
  • Communication Skills
The art of welding will require a significant amount of collaboration.

The ability to communicate any flaws that might be present or the need for adjustments is essential to the quality of welding and continuous increase in output of welding.
  • Mental Communication Skills
Professionals as well as people who are not professionals must be able to read, observe the information, analysis and respond in a manner that is consistent with 3D shapes and diagrams.

This skill is essential to figure out the best method of bringing all the materials together.
  • Details Observation
The fine work involved in welding demands not only an eye that is sharp but also a sharp one.

Microfractures, temperature changes and other welding flaws must be noticed and taken note of.
  • Endurance Stamina
Long hours of standing and remaining in one place is an everyday occurrence in the field.

Repetition of the same movement under these conditions requires determined endurance.
  • Expertise in Technical Training
Professions have to go through years of instruction in technical or vocational schools, which are accredited for handling welding equipment.
  • Physical Fitness
Welders work with heavy machinery and equipment they carry around often.

Employers typically look for applicants who are able to lift between 50 and 100 pounds.
  • Skills for Writing
To create writing reports and logs and incident reports and guidelines welding professionals must possess basic writing abilities.

Pros And Cons Of Being A Welder

Once you know the skills required to be a welder, you have be aware of the potential advantages and disadvantages.

Like all jobs welding comes with some risks as well as rewards.

It's your responsibility to determine whether the risks and pitfalls are worth it.


  • Instantly, increasing demand and job security
  • High satisfaction with work
  • Job opportunities are growing in the international market.
  • Pay is high, particularly for jobs with high risk
  • Other perks like being in a position to travel for no cost
  • Skills can be transferable to other industries.


  • Fire and electrical shocks
  • The danger to inhale toxic fumes particularly when working at industrial facilities
  • Long shifts
  • Physically demanding

How Much Do Welders Make?

Overall, welders bring in above-average wages.

They earn more than the average.

Bureau of Labor and Statistics recently conducted a study to assess the pay of brazers, solderers and cutters and welders.

The median annual salary was $44,190.

But, be aware that the rate of pay are affected by shift times and worker level and even experience.

Welder Salaries By State

Median is the median salary 10th percentile is an average salary where 90% of employees earn more.

The 90th percentile is the top payees with just 10% of employees earning more.

As we've said earlier the outlook for jobs in welding jobs is generally positive.

As as long as we continue to utilize metal, we'll always require welders.

The possibility of finding employment outside of welding is also extremely open, considering how welding techniques are able to easily transfer across to other industries.

Similar job opportunities are:

  • Metal and Plastic Machine Workers
  • Fabricators and Assemblers
  • Tool and Die Makers
  • Machinists
  • Sheet Metal Workers
  • Millwrights
  • Precious Stone and Metal Workers
  • Jewelers

In the year 2019there were 438,900 welding jobs across the US.

Another 13,600 positions are anticipated to be made available in 2029, which amounts approximately three percent growth.

The jobs are likely to be in the fabrication and construction areas, while people working in the petroleum and natural gas industry could be forced to cut jobs due to declines in the business in general.

The anticipated growth rate for jobs in welding is 8 percent through 2030.

Welding Schools

Here are some helpful sources to help you begin your journey in the field of automobiles.

Automotive Service Excellence (ASE):

ASE has been around since 1972, and is the top organization that focuses on improving the car maintenance and repair industry.

This includes the programs for certification they provide to students similar to you. They also provide an ASE Education Foundation which helps students develop career-ready programs and forming local partnerships that provide greater opportunities to students.

Welding Training Cost

Being welder can be costly according to the training options you select and the equipment you'll need for the kind of welding you'd prefer to perform.

The cost of welding school is usually at around $5,000 and cover the course of 5 - 7 months.

For programs at colleges you should expect to spend at the minimum of $15,000 for a two year course.

Other costs are also factored into the equation at this point Other cost factors will be considered, including:

  • Application Fees
  • Books and Equipment
  • Testing Fees
  • Housing and Meals
  • Welding Tools

Once you've earned your diploma, you'll require additional certifications.

This American welding society's Certified Welder Card is one of these expenses.

It's relatively inexpensive at just $50, but the price increases with lower-end alternatives.

For instance the welding inspector exam costs over $1,000.

They also offer workshops to help you prepare for the test, in the event that you've not taken an institution of higher education or trade school course.

The welding fundamentals class, which is an entry-level class, costs $350 for members, and $470 for non members.

If you decide to attend any of welding schools located in the US The price range will range from $3,000 up to $20,000 depending on the institution you choose.

Asked Questions About Being A Welder

Are There Any Dangers To Being A Welder?

If you're properly trained and take the appropriate safety precautions, you will be able to feel secure in the job you have chosen.

You will need PPE equipment that you'll need to protect yourself from sparks.

If decide not to wear it, you might be hurt.

Do Welders Get Benefits?

If you're employed by a different business and you are employed by a different company, then you are entitled to some type of benefit package.

The larger the business you work for, will usually offer better coverage as well as advantages like retirement and vacation plans.

Smaller companies might be limited in terms of what they are able to provide.

To Weld Or Not To Weld

The process of becoming a professional welding professional can be a lengthy and difficult process due to the risky nature of the job.

However, the prospects for employment as well as the wages, job satisfaction along with other perks for traveling can make this career worthwhile provided you possess the necessary qualifications.

The knowledge you acquire is equally applicable to other fields outside of your field in the event that you decide to take a different direction.

Do you think welding is not the right choice for you?

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