What Does DCEP Mean In Welding

What Does DCEP Mean In Welding - Different welding processes employ Direct Current Power Supply as the power source. 

When using DC polarity, the current is only flowing in one direction which is either from the electrode to the electrode or between the electrode and the metal base. 

What Does DCEP Mean In Welding

When you are working with multiple arc welding techniques you'll see the term DCEP being utilized. 

If you've ever asked, "what does DCEP mean in welding?" Then continue reading to learn more.

What Does DCEP Mean?

DCEP refers to Direct Current Electrode Positive or Direct Current Reverse Polarity. 

In this method, you attach the metal base to the terminals of your power source, and an electrode with the positive end. 

The electrons escape of the metal base, and travel to the electrode's edge, since current moves from positive to negative.

A change in the potential causes electrons of on the bottom plate to increase speed and hit the electrode at a rapid speed. 

When they hit the kinetic energy transforms into thermal energy that creates heat near the top of the electrode. 

Utilizing DCEP has its advantages, but also some drawbacks.


  • A higher rate of deposition of metals
  • Lower distortion degree
  • Stress reduction and complete cutting
  • Perfect to join aluminum and copper
  • Better cleaning of arcs
  • Reduction of inclusion of defects

When using DCEP processes, about 66 percent of the heat is generated near the electrode, but only 33% of it is located near the plate that is used as the base. 

The electrode therefore melts faster, which boosts the rate of deposition of the metal during the process.

Electrons flowing through the base plate help remove the excessive oils from the surface. 

They also eliminate dust particles, corrosion, coatings, and oxide layers. 

This is known as the oxide cleaning process. 

It lowers the risk of presence of defects.

DCEP is only suitable to join plates that are thinner or for metals that have lower melting points since it has lower levels of penetration.


  • Shorter electrode life
  • A stronger degree of reinforcement is required.
  • Insufficient melting
  • Low levels of penetration
  • Complete Fusion incomplete
  • Not recommended for plates with thick walls.
  • Not suitable for metals with melting points that are high.

Because only 33 percent of the heat gets concentrated in the vicinity of the metal base, it isn't heated enough in the process that employ DCEP that could result in a lack of the fusion.

It could also cause the absence of penetration as well as an increase in the rate of reinforcement during the process of welding. 

Insufficient levels of heat make it incompatible for use on more thick plates or on metals with large melting point. 

We recommend that you use either DCEN or use Alternative Current in place.

What Does DCEN Mean?

DCEN stands for Direct Current Electrode Negative or Direct Current Straight Polarity.

This process involves connecting it is the case that the electrode connects to the positive end of the power source and it is then connected with the positive terminal to power sources.

It is the complete reverse of the DCEP process and is utilized for procedures in situations where DCEP might not be efficient.


  • A sufficient fusion of metals
  • High penetration levels
  • Low reinforcements
  • Metals that have high melting points
  • It can be used to join of plates with thicker thickness.

In DCSP the bulk of heat is generated toward plate bases, and this increase the level of penetration. 

The higher penetration levels make it suitable for larger sheets of metal, as well as metals with higher melting temperatures.


  • There is no seal cleaning
  • Deformations that are high in intensity
  • Residual stress
  • Lower deposition rate
  • Not suitable for thin plates.

Since electrons move through the electrodes to their base location, they won't see any oxide cleaning in the process. 

There is a good chance that defects will be present due to the absence of cleaning with oxide.

It also has a bigger temperature-sensitive area since most part of heat gets absorbed towards the base metals that results in greater distortion in addition to residual strain. 

The high penetration rates make it incompatible for use on plates with thinner thicknesses particularly when combined with a low deposition rate. 

A low rate of deposition can also reduce productivity.

Direct Current Power Supply

When using Direct Current power sources, the current flows only in one direction. 

It could be flowing from positive to negative or vice versa. 

Smaller devices, such as flashlights, batteries, phones and remote controls utilize DC.

In welding, we employ both the negative and positive and negative supply to the positive. 

Both have advantages and disadvantages as mentioned previously. 

However the use of the DC supply can be beneficial opposed to an alternative Current supply despite the disadvantages of the latter.

Utilizing Direct Current as a Direct Current power source for welding provides the following benefits:

It is perfect to use for TIG welding of stainless steel, horizontal welding single carbon brazing, and many other processes.


  • Perfect for those who need more rapid deposits
  • Production of spatter is low.
  • Smooth weld
  • A higher yield of production
  • A consistent and stable electrical arc


  • Expensive, because it requires special equipment , such as internal transformers
  • Not suggested for aluminum
  • Not suitable for jobs that require high-intensity heat production
  • High-risk procedure

When working with Direct Current power sources, be extra cautious. 

There is a chance that a magnetic field will build up, which can lead to the arc to burst.

Alternating Current Power Supply

You may also opt for alternatively an Alternate Current power source if you wish to reap the benefits that come with each DCEP and DCEN with only a few of their disadvantages.

When you use the AC energy source you'll be able to alternate the flow of the current about 120 times per second, based on the frequency of the source.

At the beginning of the cycle the current will flow from one direction to the other direction, at the halfway point the cycle, it will change to the opposite direction.


  • A bit of ar cleaning
  • Compatible with all electrodes
  • Good mix
  • Good penetration levels
  • It supports a variety of welds, including the heavy plate, aluminum TIG and even quick-fill
  • Useful for magnetized welding of metals.
  • Lets welding be done at higher temperatures
  • Excellent for repairs

One of the major disadvantages when the use of an AC power source is its instability in direction, that directly affects the quality of the product.

Polarity and Welding Performance

The influence of polarity is directly affecting the yield of production since it influences the efficiency for the procedure.

There are many factors the flow of current directly affects.

It is essential to decide which flow you will use prior to begin the process.

To choose the most appropriate one be aware of the following elements:

The required rate for deposition of metal Direct Current Electrode Positive offers the highest deposition rate for metal that can be determined by the flow of current.

Weld Penetration DCEP or reversed polarity produces poor weld penetration that is why it's not suitable to be used on more thick slabs of steel.

If you are welding with a job that requires an extremely high level of penetration the use of DCEN polarity can improve the efficiency of production.

Oxide Cleaning Oxide Cleaning To minimize the chance of introducing defects that could cause defects, choose DCEP because it cleanses the base plate prior to welding.

DCEN is not, therefore when you choose straight polarity, you should make sure to thoroughly clean the plate prior use.

Reinforcement Welding jobs made with DCEP result in a larger and globular metal transfer consequently resulting in greater reinforcement levels which directly impact productivity.

The Heat Affected Zone In DCEN you have to adjust the speed of your operation in order to avoid causing The Heat Affected Zone expands and causes more distortion.

The appearance of the weld bead To be more in control of the look of the weld bead make sure you utilize the AC supply.

Other factors influence the appearance of the beads.

Which polarity do you prefer to use?

A successful weld is dependent on a variety of factors, besides the most current method of. 

There is no correct or incorrect solution to the question. 

Be aware of each of the cons and pros discussed in this article, as along with the material that you'll work with and the kind of weld that you will be making prior to deciding on the Polarity.

Which stick should you use to determine AC and DC which polarity?

It is possible to use both 6011 and 6010 welder rods to work with both AC and DC Polarities. 

They feature a high cellulose potassium-type coating and are extremely fast freezing rods. 

They work particularly well with dirty, rusty or old metals. 

They are useful when performing repairs.

What happens when you join using the wrong direction?

The polarity of the system directly impacts yield and effectiveness. 

The wrong polarity choice can cost you money and make it much more labor-intensive than it is. 

It could also affect your quality and the welding made.

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