What Is 6011 Welding Rod Used For

What Is 6011 Welding Rod Used For - When selecting a welding rod, there are many factors to consider.

The welding rod must match the mechanical and chemical properties of the base metal.

What Is 6011 Welding Rod Used For

Joint geometry, cost, location cost, and operation condition should all be taken into account.

There are many shielded metal-arc welding (SMAW), electrodes available but the most popular ones are E6010 and E6011, E6012 and E6013.


Classifications of Stick Welding Rods - Explained

AWS Standards categorize carbon steel electrodes as low-alloy steel for shielded metal arc welding.

The classification is based upon an "E" prefix with four to five digits.

Each digit of the electrode number is used for a specific property.

Below is a breakdown of the digits, along with what each digit means for common electrodes (E6011, E6012 and E6013):

E - Electrode

The first two or three Digits indicate Tensile Strength X 1,000 Psi

E60xx - Tensile Strength of 60,000 Psi

E70xx - Tensile Strength at 70,000 Psi


The Next Digit refers to welding positions

Exx1x Flat (horizontal), Vertical (up), Overhead

Exx2x Flat, Horizontal.

Exx3x Flat.

Exx4x Flat (horizontal), Overhead, Vertical, (down).


The last Digit refers to the usability of the Electrode (Electrode Coating and Current, Penetration).

Exxx0 - Cellulose, Sodium - DC+ (Deep Penetration)

Exxx1 - Cellulose, Potassium - AC/DC+ (Deep Penetration)

Exxx2 - Rutile, Sodium - AC/DC- (Medium Penetration)

Exxx3 - Rutile, Potassium - AC/DC+/DC- (Light Penetration)

Exxx4 – Rutile, Iron Powder AC/DC+/DC - Medium Penetration

Exxx5 – Low Hydrogen, High Sodium - DC+ - Medium Penetration

Exxx6 – Low Hydrogen, Potassium (AC/DC+)

Exxx7 – Iron Powder, Iron Oxide AC/DC- (Medium Penetrating)

Exxx8 – Low Hydrogen, Iron powder - AC/DC+ - Medium Penetration

Exxx9 – Iron Oxide and Rutile, Potassium - AC/DC+/DC - (Medium Penetrating)


E 6010 Welding Electrode

E 6010 welding rod deposits high-molten metal that solidifies quickly.

The electrode is therefore categorized as a fast-frosting electrode.

The electrode needs to be welded by a skilled person because the welds are likely to harden quickly.

The general-purpose E 6010 electrode can be used to weld in all positions and in efficient vertical-up or over-head positions.

However, the electrode's deposition rate is low.

The electrode arc is simple to control and produces a flat weld bead without any slag formation.

E 6010 can be used with DC current.

The advantages of E 6010 are that it produces deep penetration welding.

It can also be used on galvanized, painted, and unclean surfaces.


E 6011 Welding Electrode

E 6011 is also known as a fast-frosting electrode.

E 6011 is a general-purpose electrode that can be used for welding in all positions.

It is efficient in both vertical-up or over-head positions.

This electrode is mostly used for sheet metal welding and low-silicon deposit applications.

The electrode arc produces a flat, smooth weld bead that is light in slag.

E 6011 can work with either AC or Dc current.

This electrode can produce deep penetration welding on galvanized, painted, and unclean surfaces.


E 6012 Welding Electrode

E 6012 welding rod has a fast freeze-fill characteristic.

Therefore, it is classified as a fillfreezing electrode.

The E 6012 electrode can be used for welding in all positions with medium penetration and deposition rates.

This electrode produces a stronger arc than E-6013 electrode.

E6012 is an electrode that's used in sheet metal welding and other low-current applications.


E 6013 Welding Electrode

E 6013 is the same electrode as E 6012.

It's a fill-freezing electrode. It is identical to E 6012 but it is simpler to use and produces better appearance welds without much spatter.


E 7018 Welding Electrode

E 7018 is a low-hydrogen electrode.

It is best used with thick sections and metals that are prone to cracking.

This electrode results in welds with exceptional toughness and high durability.

It also reduces the possibility of hydrogen embrittlement cracking during thick sections.

E 7018 is a high-quality welder that can be used with steel with a minimum strength of 70,000 PSI or more.

The electrode can also be used with low-alloy, medium carbon and high carbon steels.

E 7018 requires that the electrode be stored and dried in low humidity conditions to prevent hydrogen cracking and reduce hydrogen levels.


E 7024 Welding Electrode

The E 7024 welding rod deposits metal quickly; the electrode is therefore categorized as a fast fill electrode.

This electrode can be used to weld on either a horizontal or flat surface.

The electrode's arc penetration is very shallow.

The weld bead of E 7024 is slightly convex, smooth and contains heavy slag formation.

An iron powder is used to increase the rate of welding deposition.


E 6010 VS 6011 Electrodes

E 6010 and E 6011 are both general-purpose electrodes that can be used for vertical-up or over-head welding.

Both electrodes produce deep penetration welding, and can be used on painted and galvanized surfaces.

E 6010 rod can only be used with DC current.

E 6011 rod can use either AC or DC current.


E 6011 VS 6013 Electrodes

E 6010 can be used on galvanized surfaces and painted surfaces.

E 6013 can be used on new or clean sheet metal.

E 6010 is used mainly in maintenance and repairs, and E 6013 in new construction or fabrication.

E 6013 is the most common electrode for sheet metal welding.

E 6010 or E 6011 are used in place of E 6013 when the electrode is unavailable or the welder prefers quicker solidification.


E 6010 VS 7018 Electrodes

Both electrodes have different strengths; E 6010 has an tensile value of 60,000 PSI while E 7018 has a value of 70,000 PSI.

E 6010 can be used on galvanized surfaces and painted surfaces.

E 7018 can be used on new or clean sheet metal.

E6010 can be used for deep penetration welding. E 7018 can be used to weld metal that is prone to crack.

E 7018 produces high-quality welds with exceptional toughness and high degree of ductility.

Both electrodes can be used in different industrial applications such as pipelines welding and storage tanks.

E 6010 is used to weld the joint root-pass for a proper penetration.

E 7018 is used to hot-pass, fill up, and cap beads.

What Is 6011 Welding Rod Used For


How Do You Choose A Welding Electrodes?

The first thing to consider is strength.

When choosing the right electrode, both the chemical composition and mechanical properties must match those of the base metal.

In selecting an electrode it is important to consider the design of the electrode and the position of the partners.

Another factor to consider is the availability of power.

Some electrodes can use either AC or D current while others can only be used with DC.

E 6010 and E 6011 are the best choices for providing sufficient penetration for root pass welding.

E 6013 will be the choice if the joint has large root openings or is made of thin material.

E 7018 is the best choice for welding thick sections or applications where toughness and high-ductility joints are required or where embrittlement cracking may be an issue.

E7024 offers higher productivity for horizontal and flat joints.

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